By Ason Joel Lwanga
The majority of people will experience some degree of hair loss throughout their life. Most people begin noticing hair loss during adulthood. But less commonly, some people start losing their hair as teenagers.
Hair loss can be difficult for anybody but especially if you’re younger. Losing one’s hair can have a huge impact on self-esteem.
Potential causes of hair loss GeneticsAndrogenetic alopecia is a genetic form of hair loss referred to as male-pattern baldness or female-pattern baldness. It occurs in a predictable pattern.
In men, it generally appears as a recession of the hairline in an M, V, or U shape and a gradual balding at the crown. Women usually notice a gradual thinning along the part of their hair.
Pattern hair loss usually starts in adulthood, but can also start during your teenage years. It’s not uncommon for teenagers to experience this form of hair loss, but its prevalence is currently not known.
You’re most likely to develop pattern hair loss if you have close relatives who also developed it.
Alopecia areata is an autoimmune condition that causes hair to fall out in patches.
Autoimmune conditions develop when your body mistakes healthy cells in your body for foreign invaders. In the case of alopecia areata, your immune system attacks your hair follicles. You may notice hair loss on your scalp, eyebrows, eyelashes or the body.
Alopecia areata affects about 2% trusted Source of the population at some point in their life. Most people develop it before the age of 30, and it can start as early as childhood.
Malnutrition is a lack of proper nutrition that can be caused by not eating enough, eating too much, or not getting the right balance of nutrients. A lack of access to food, dietary imbalances, eating disorders, or digestive conditions are some potential causes.
Thyroid conditionsThyroid conditions that lead to an underproduction or overproduction of thyroid hormones may cause hair loss or brittle hair.
Hair loss caused by a thyroid condition usually appears as a uniform thinning across your scalp. Hair loss is most common in people with severe or prolonged thyroid disease. Lost hair often regrows with proper treatment.
Lupus is an autoimmune condition caused by your immune system targeting your tissues and organs. Lupus can cause symptoms like joint pain, fatigue, a butterfly-shaped rash, and hair loss.
People with lupus may notice a gradual thinning. Hair loss may or may not grow back.
Polycystic ovary syndromePolycystic ovary syndrome is a common female health issue that leads to excess levels of androgen, or male sex hormones.
It’s normal for women to produce hormones like testosterone. But when they produce too much, it can lead to symptoms like disrupted menstrual cycles, acne, and hair thinning.
Treating the hormonal imbalances in your body may lead to hair regrowth.
Some medicines and medical treatments can lead to hair loss. Some examples include:
Acne medications, antibiotics, anticlotting drugs, anticonvulsantsantidepressants and mood stabilizers, antifungal treatments, blood pressure medication, chemotherapy, cholesterol-lowering drugs and gout medication.
Hair treatment, coloring, and stylingRegularly coloring your hair or getting chemical hair treatments can damage your hair, and potentially lead to an increase in hair breakage. These treatments don’t usually affect your hair root, and your hair will likely grow back once you stop treatment.
The best treatment option for your type of hair loss depends on the cause. In some cases, hair loss may be reversible with proper treatment.
Type of hair loss Treatment options .Alopecia areata Corticosteroids through injections, ointments, or oral treatments, other immune modulating medications.
Some causes of hair loss in teenagers can be stopped and potentially reversed. For example, if you’re experiencing hair loss caused by an imbalance of thyroid hormones, correcting the hormonal imbalance may improve hair growth.
Other causes, like genetic hair loss, have no known cure and will likely progress with time but can be slowed down with treatment.
The best way to know if you can stop hair loss is to get a proper diagnosis from a doctor.